Special on World Environment Day: Oxygen and forests support in respiratory crisis
After millions of deaths in this global epidemic of the corona, people are coming to know the importance of life oxygen. The biggest source of this vital air for survival is trees, which not only gives us food and shade but also oxygen.
Therefore, we must plant more and more trees to meet the lack of oxygen and pay maximum attention to the conservation of the greenery that is left. Along with this, do not make nature a garbage dump and focus on recycling items.
After millions of deaths in this global epidemic of the corona, people are coming to know the importance of air oxygen.
In this catastrophe, those unfortunates who did not get life air in time and in a proper way went to the hereafter like fish without water and those who got this life air on time and according to the need, their lives were saved.
Actually, man can survive for many days without food and 3 days without water, but can hardly survive for 3 minutes without oxygen.
Trees are the biggest source of this vital for survival, which not only gives us food and shade but also oxygen, so we must plant more and more trees to meet the lack of oxygen.
And pay maximum attention to the conservation of the greenery that is left. Along with this, do not make nature a garbage dump and focus on recycling items.
Himalaya sightseeing in lockdown
Humanity has certainly suffered a great loss due to the corona epidemic, but due to the control of human activities, it has also had a positive effect on the environment.
During the lockdown period of the second wave of the epidemic, the pleasant news of divine sight of Himalayas came from Saharanpur in the first week of May, and the memories of last year’s lockdown were refreshed.
In the first wave of Covid-19, due to the nationwide lockdown of 68 days completed in four phases, pollution decreased, not only Saharanpur and Muzaffarnagar but in April 2020 the hills of Himachal Pradesh were visible from the cities of Punjab.
Especially in Jalandhar, it had become a matter of curiosity. Generally, people of Dehradun are not able to see Mussoorie during the day due to fog and dust.
The Himalayas are about 300 km from Saharanpur and the Shivalik region is about 60 km away. The elders said that till 35 years ago, such views were seen from Saharanpur every evening.
When human intervention stopped, the forest blossomed
Greenhouse gas emissions have come down due to the lockdown. As the pollution level reduced, the air became clearer and the environment became greener.
During this, although hundreds of dead bodies flowing in the Ganges certainly shook humanity, overall the quality of the water of Ganga and Yamuna also improved.
Along with this, the bad residue coming out of the factory also got reduced in the rivers yesterday.
During the lockdown, this time too, wild animals were found roaming freely in the forest as before. Trees, plants, animals, plants, etc. are not only dependent on each other for their existence, but a balanced amount of them is also very necessary for the future. This change was possible only by preventing unnecessary tampering with nature.
One tree produces 260 pounds of oxygen
According to a report by the World Health Organization, 4.6 million people die every year in the world due to air pollution. In fact, the country’s air quality index, which absorbs gases like carbon dioxide, is not increasing at that pace to counter the alarm bells ringing loudly.
It has been clear from scientific research that a typical broad-leafed tree can produce an average of 260 pounds of oxygen in a year and a similar tree planted in one acre absorbs 2.6 tons of carbon dioxide in a year and eliminates it. this is the forest
Carbon stock of carbon adsorption capacity.
Under the 2015 Paris Agreement, we have to increase this capacity to 2.5 to 3 billion tonnes by 2030. According to the Forest Status Report, 2019 of the Forest Survey Department, the carbon stock capacity of the country’s forests is 7,124.6 million tonnes. But the 2030 target is far from the pace at which it is growing.
Not only this, due to the evaporation of the leaves of the trees, the temperature of the atmosphere also decreases. Oxygen production depends on the size and type of tree.
The bigger and more mature the tree, the more oxygen it will get, that’s why in our country giant trees like Peepal and Butt trees were planted and they were worshipped for their protection. Even now mango and peepal leaves are used for worship in every auspicious work.
Continually decreasing dense forests
According to a report of the World Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, from 1901 to 1950, 14 million hectares, i.e., 14 million hectares of land in India was erased from forests. After that, from 1950 to 1980, the forest area declined by 75.8 million hectares.
According to a report of the World Food Organization, between 1972 and 1978, the forest cover in India was 17.19 per cent.
Thus, in these reports that come after every two years, there is a continuous increase in the forest cover, but when these reports are looked at carefully, then the reality of the forests comes out in them.
If the report of 1999 showed extremely dense forest in the country at 11.48 per cent. Whereas by the time of 2019, such extremely dense forests have shrunk to 3.02 per cent.
Forests are booming in government records
Since 1987, 16 bi-annual forest status reports have been issued by the Forest Survey of India, each time showing an increase in forest cover. The year 2019 report also shows an increase of 5188 sq km in forest and tree cover by 24.56 per cent.
Whereas the actual forest cover of the country is still 21.67. It is also a matter of concern that there has been a reduction of 330 sq km in the very dense forest cover having more than 70 per cent tree cover in the forest area legally protected by the government.
These very dense forests absorb most of the gases like carbon dioxide. Not only this, within two years, the very dense forest cover in the North East has decreased by 765 sq. km.
Perhaps sensing this trend of statistics, the advisory committee to the Ministry of Forests and Environment had suggested conducting separate surveys of forest cover and tree cover.
Hotspots got tuberculosis
The Northeast is counted among the few hotspots in the world in terms of biodiversity and there is a continuous decline in forest cover.
According to the report, 276 sq km has been reduced in Arunachal, 499 sq km in Manipur, 27 sq km in Meghalaya, 180 sq km in Mizoram, 3 sq km in Nagaland and 2 sq km in Sikkim.
If compared with the forest status report of the year 1999, so far 1014 sq km of very dense forest cover has disappeared in this area. Similarly, in tribal-dominated areas, there is a shortage of 741 sq km of forest cover.