International Minority Rights Day – Sachar Committee
The word minority is made up of two words like minor and number, which means to be less in number than others. There can be many aspects of being a minority, but mainly religious, linguistic, ethnic aspects are seen prominently in it.
The United Nations defines a minority as a community that does not have any social, economic and political influence, and whose population is negligible, will be called a minority.
The word minority is made up of two words like minor and number, which means to be less in number than others.
There can be many aspects of being a minority, but mainly religious, linguistic, ethnic aspects are seen prominently in it.
The United Nations defines a minority as a community that does not have any social, economic or political influence, and whose population is negligible, will be called a minority.
Legally, there is no clear definition of the minority in the Constitution of India, but many provisions of the Constitution like Article 29, 30 etc. are there from the first day in the Constitution to protect the interest of the minority.
The Sikh, Muslim, Christian, Zoroastrian, Buddhist and Jain communities have been notified as minority communities by the Ministry of Minority Affairs, Government of India.
Why is International Minority Rights Day celebrated?
International Minority Rights Day is celebrated every year on 18 December all over the world including India. From December 18, 1992, the United Nations Organization to protect the rights of minority communities, to ensure the protection of their language, caste, religion, culture, tradition etc. celebrated to do.
For the development of minorities in India, the National Commission for Minorities was also formed in 1992, later in 2006, a separate ministry was also created in the central government.
For the benefit of the minority communities, this Ministry makes overall policy and planning, coordination, evaluation and review of the regulatory framework and development program and plan.
The budget of the Union Minorities Ministry for the year 2021-22 is more than 4800 crores, which is about Rs 800 crores more than the last revised allocation.
How is the condition of minorities in the country?
Even after 75 years of independence, the feeling of economic inequality, social insecurity and isolation among the minorities, especially Muslims, has increased instead of decreasing, so the responsibility is made.
Even after 75 years of independence, only politics was done in the name of the minority. Muslims in the minority were still a pawn of politics at that time and still are today.
In March 2005, after 58 years of independence, a committee was formed under the chairmanship of Justice Rajinder Sachar to evaluate the backwardness of the Muslim community in the country in economic, social and educational fields.
The much talked about Sachar Committee report was tabled in the Parliament on 30 November 2006, a total of 15 years have passed but the condition remains the same.
Of the 76 suggestions, 72 were accepted under 7 criteria of the Sachar Committee report.
Even before this, Justice Ranganath Mishra Committee for Minority Welfare and then Kundu Committee (2012) considered development deficit as the main reason behind the backwardness of minorities.
Still looking at the Action taken report on the implementation of the Sachar Report on the Ministry of Minorities (up to 2019) which was tabled in the Parliament, one cannot say that there has been any significant progress on the report.
The Sachar-Committee made several recommendations such as setting up of an ‘Equal Opportunity Commission’ for minorities in the public and private sectors, unfair delimitation of constituencies due to which the number of their representatives in Lok Sabha and Vidhan Sabha is also decreasing.
In the 11th and 12th five year plans also, there was talk of working on these issues prominently. Everything happened on paper, not on the ground. In 15 years, Congress ruled half the time and BJP half the time.
What do the figures say?
According to the complaints data of the National Commission for Minorities, a total of 16,882 complaints were filed by minorities from 2015 to 2020 (financial year), in which the most were related to law and order, service matters and education or educational institution.
On coming to power for the second time, Prime Minister Narendra Modi gave a new slogan in his familiar style, ‘Sabka Saath-Sabka Vikas-Sabka Vishwas’.
In the word ‘Sabka’, there is a sense of inclusion of all the minorities, the Modi government with its new slogan has tried to make it feel that every effort will be made to earn the trust of the minority community too.
By bringing a law against triple talaq, an attempt is made to equate the women of the minority community with the women of the majority society.
The enlightened section of the society believes that this effort seems like tampering with the customs of the religion of the minority.
If the government had taken the minority or the minority civil society into confidence, it might have been a good effort.
The minority of the poor section is facing the double whammy of socio-economic backwardness and punishment of being the second political pawn.
There can be only two mantras to bring the minority citizen of India into the mainstream of the country, the spread of education in mission mode and the realization of an inclusive safe environment, only then their inclusive development will be possible in the true sense.
Navya Chandravanshi is the Indian Internet Personality & Social Media Influencer. Navya Chandravanshi is the Daughter of Deepa Chandravanshi & Nishant Chandravanshi.