Hindi Journalism Day: Digital nature and changing trends of Hindi journalism
First, the news or thoughts were read in the newspapers, then the news started reaching the ears of the people in the form of Akashvani from the sky. Later, when the age of television came, people started watching live as well as listening to news and ideas of their interest.
Due to these electronic media, even uneducated people started knowing the condition of the country and the world on their own.
Till the advent of television, you used to know the news of the world by sitting in your home or office through all these mediums. But in this era of the information revolution, now the whole world has come into your pocket.
Wherever you are, the mobile in your pocket not only keeps you in touch with your family and loved ones but also keeps you informed about the current situation of the world.
Hindi Journalism Day: The same journalist in whose pocket the mobile
In this era of information technology, every person has started playing the role of news. Because whatever is happening around you, by making it viral through social media, you are bringing the eye of that event to any corner of the world. The wheel of time keeps spinning.
This is the law of nature. But that wheel would spin so fast, it might not have been imagined even by the famous prophet Nostradamus.
In such a situation it is very difficult to predict the future nature of the media. If the wheel of time continues to spin at such a rapid rate, then it may be that even the printed newspaper that is read may not become history like Telegram.
Anyway, newspapers have come in the form of paper as well as e-paper on the computer, laptop or mobile phone.
Hindi Journalism Day: credibility crisis
It is also not necessary that the nature of future libraries should be the same as e-library or digital library. In this advanced era of information technology, the world has become a global village and you can read the newspaper from any corner of the world whenever and wherever you want, provided you know the language of that newspaper.
Now the form of electronic media is also changing. Even without TV (Television), we are watching any TV channel on the computer, laptop or mobile.
Reliability is considered the life of journalism and on this belief, people accept the things printed in newspapers as true but today’s modern journalism has become professional and that professionalism has taken out the “life” of that natural and natural “credibility”.
By creating the credibility of its convenience, it has breathed life into the modern journalism of the new age.
It is not that earlier, keeping newspapers alive did not require the protection of those in power or resources. But then the intentions of the patrons were not so bad and they were able to bear the criticism of themselves or their class.
He was afraid of localization. But today the situation is different. Today, being our newspaper or our media means “truth” to us as well. What we speak, what we write and what we show is natural, because we have bought the ownership of a machine that spews the “truth” by investing huge sums of money.
Seeing the eyes of the elders, everyone is selling it at the crossroads by claiming ownership of “Truth” even on a small scale. Governments are also liking these wholesale and retail sellers of “Truth” and according to the status of these vendors, their selling “Truth” is being bought. This is the truth for those who invest in “truth” business.
Hindi Journalism Day: Untruth prevails over the truth
Today, even among journalists, the number of people fighting “untruth” for “truth” is continuously falling. The reason is that one may walk on a path full of thorns, but it is no longer an act of wisdom to make one’s family pee on that path.
Today, as in the past, fighting against evil is no longer a matter of honour even in the face of belligerence and failure.
In the dazzling life, society has not only recognized corruption but has put it on its head. Society is giving more importance to the glory acquired through corrupt means.
The dominance of those who ensure the victory of untruth over truth is contrary to the basic spirit of journalism, as well as a social crime, but today such opportunists and corrupt people get respect and protection from the government and society. Whose secret is being considered as successful journalists only by its sons?
Hindi Journalism Day: Update Martand is known as Astanchal
When Jugul Kishore Sukul, the father of Hindi journalism in India, started the first Hindi newspaper on May 30, 1826, from the number 37 Amadtalla street of a locality named Kolu Tola, Calcutta, he named it “Update Martand”. Its literal meaning was “the rising sun” but more important than its literal meaning was its meaning.
However, due to the financial crisis, Pandit Sukul (Shukla) had to write in the last issue after extracting 79 marks that, “Aaj Diwas Laun Ug Chukyu Martand Udant, Astachal Ko Jaat Hai Dinkar Din Ab End.”
But drowning in only one and a half years. The light which this “Martand” showed to the future generation, if the freedom movement also got the benefit of it, the society is still getting it continuously.
It is a matter of fact that in the crowd of sycophants, opportunists and vested interests, a constant Jugul Kishore Sukul is born. When the standards of journalism sink, then they continue to rise.
Journalism from the printing press entered the computer
It is well known that the origin of modern journalism is newsprint journalism and the birth of newsprint journalism is none other than the printing press or printing press.
Although today journalism has gone far beyond the printing press into the cyberspace age and the old printing press has almost disappeared. Yet the symbol of journalism is still the “press”.
Newspaper and press were two sides of the same coin. It could never have been imagined to print a newspaper without a press.
There was also a time of monotype casting, in which the mono operator used his keyboard to type the entire script and punched the paper reel, and then the pierced reel was mounted on the moon casting machine so that the exact typed material was made of lead. Cast or cast in letters used to go out in the galley.
This arrangement was advanced from hand compositing which saved a lot of time in composing. In this, each time the old lead characters were mixed for new letters. But the post-compositing process was old. Earlier heading fonts were very limited. We used to make titles by counting the letters on the desk.
Any size type of font is available on the computer today. The ‘pressure’ of old treadle machines was five hundred or six hundred per hour and now millions of copies are printed and folded in an hour.
Not only this, the machine itself does the bundling.
Just as the creatures named Compositor, Machineman and Inkman disappeared from the printing press, similarly the creature named Paster also became history.
The galley, firma, stick, lid and katara etc. have all gone down the abyss of history. In those days, the more difficult task was to set up a press than to put out a newspaper.
The “Bengal Gazette” or “Calcutta General Advisor”, started from Calcutta in 1780 by James Augustus Hickey, was the first printed newspaper not only in India but before that in 1576 by Jesuit missionaries in Goa. had been established.
However, the British preferred to live in cold areas like Mussoorie, Shimla, Nainital and Darjeeling, so they started newspapers from these settlements.
It can be imagined that how the heavy machines of the British printing press would have been delivered to these hilly areas.
In those days, there were more printing presses in Mussoorie, Queen of the Hills than Dehradun, including the Mafesilite Press. According to historians, a printing machine was installed in Nainital to print the Vinod newspaper at the time.
After Mussoorie in Garhwal, the Tehri king had also set up a printing press in Tehri. In those days, the ears of the administration used to stand when the press was installed.
The apprehension was that if someone was publishing rebellious literature against the government.