Environmental Destruction and the Sixth Demolition: Future Threat
We are living in some of the other large period of time, which is called Yuga. In the currents of Indian culture and literature, the glories of four eras have been written, and the era in which we are living, that is, Kali Yuga, has been considered as the lowest in the order of superiority on the socio-cultural plane.
Through the privatization-liberalization-globalization turn of Kali Yuga, we have entered the ‘Group Species Extinction Era’.
With the ever-increasing concentration of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere and the influx of news of climate change, the biggest and most frightening truth of this difficult period of life on earth was just beginning to surface that the clamour of the corona suppressed it, and now it seems Like, the crisis is only on the human species.
In her Pulitzer Prize-winning book The Sixth Extinction, author Elizabeth Colbert argues that humans triggered the Sixth Mass Extinction, which could be costly for our (human) species, by massive reflections in the size and composition of the Earth’s atmosphere.
According to a report by the Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services, about one million fauna species are currently at risk of extinction.
It has been told in this well-known report that due to human activities, 75 per cent of the Earth’s land area, 66 per cent of the oceans and 85 per cent of the wet ecosystems have been completely changed and it has a bad effect on the environment.
Due to this, out of the total 8 million species of the earth, one million species have reached the verge of extinction. Some ecologists predict that by the end of the 21st century, 50 per cent of the Earth’s species will be lost in the gloom of time.
The extinction of fauna species is irreversible and is undoubtedly the most serious issue related to the biodiversity of the earth. Once a species is gone from the lap of the earth forever, so does the valuable information contained in its DNA.
When one species becomes extinct, many other interrelated species also cease to exist. But here the existence of innumerable species is at stake.
If we take a scientific look at the history of all life on earth from the beginning to the ancient, so far five incidents of great destruction of the species have happened and the hour of the sixth great annihilation has rung.
This era of great destruction of living beings will gradually reach its climax. The first five catastrophes occurred before the emergence of the human species. Man has written the script for the sixth and the protagonist is also the same.
Ancient humans used to pick their food from the forests. Over time, he took most of his food from grass-fed plants (such as wheat, rice, maize, etc.) by clearing forests and spreading farming and domesticated animals across continents.
The culture of man’s food and drink changed the face of the earth. With the discovery of underground energy sources (coal and petroleum) man began the biggest and most deadly change, changing the composition of the oceans, soils and atmosphere.
Some plants and animals that have adapted to the new environment and the new climate have survived the migration, but most, possibly millions, of plants and animals that cannot adapt to the new environment have become extinct.
Or have come to the threshold of extinction and now the rate of their extinction from the earth is touching the sky.
The human race is believed to have originated in Africa about 3,15,000 years ago. Charles Darwin is often quoted as saying that monkeys are the ancestors of man, while Darwin never said so, nor anywhere in his two famous books – On the Origin of Species (1859) and The Descent of Man (1871).
Wrote like this In the last few centuries, the human species has established its supremacy over the life of the earth and the earth.
The natural development must have had some kind of compassion on the human being, only then on the strength of its unique structure, its amazing capabilities of its brain and its keen curiosity to acquire knowledge, it is establishing its dominion over not only the earth but also the universe.
Man is really the culmination of natural evolution. Scientists believe that we have created a new geological epoch, which is called a man-made planet-changing human-dominated geological epoch, that is, the Anthropocene.
In its long journey of millions of years of existence, a species is bound to eventually become extinct, which is a law of natural evolution. This natural extinction has never been a matter of human concern.
Humans have increased the rate of natural extinction of organisms, according to ecologists, by 1,000 to 10,000 times, by undesired interference in the natural systems of the biosphere, which is a matter of greatest concern. The first sign of devastation caused by human activities was the extinction of amphibians in the 1980s.
Researchers in Panama saw for the first time that an iconic endemic species—the golden frog—was dying out. Then he also realized that frogs are becoming extinct from all over the world.
An article published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences presented evidence of a sharp decline in the number of amphibians in 2008, asking: ‘Are we in the midst of a sixth mass extinction?’
The authors concluded that a sixth catastrophic event is underway, based on amphibian extinction rates.
Creatures that are facing great danger mainly include mammals, birds, reptiles, reef-building corals and sharks. The tragedy is that man is responsible for this, who is not ready to take any lessons.