Delhi: Hindu College Teacher Nandkishore Nigam

Delhi: Hindu College Teacher Nandkishore Nigam

Delhi: Hindu College Teacher Nandkishore Nigam

Azad came to Delhi one day in the hustle and bustle of raising funds amid efforts to free Bhagat Singh from jail in Lahore. He hit the famous ‘Gadodiya Store’ here on June 6, 1930, in which he was accompanied by Kashiram, Dhanwantri, Vidyabhushan, Vishwambhar Dayal and Bhavani Singh.

The Hindu College of Delhi, established in the year 1899, became the main centre of activities of Chandrashekhar Azad after the second phase of the revolutionary movement i.e. 1928.

In those days there was a teacher Nandkishore Nigam, who was an active member of ‘Hindustan Samajwadi Prajatantra Sangh’. He was born in Delhi.

He is M.A. Were preparing for the exam, then came in contact with the revolutionaries. After being appointed a teacher in Hindu College, he also took over the charge of the hostel superintendent there.

One of the three hostels was located at 4, Ramchandra Lane on Metcalf House Road, in which one of the rooms Nigam lived.

He used to get a monthly salary of Rs 200, out of which he used to keep ten rupees with him and give the rest to Kailashpati for the party.

He used to travel to and from college by bicycle and he used to have food only at one time. He used to wear the clothes of Khadi, which cost very little.

From December 22, 1929, Chandrashekhar Azad also came to the corporation and started living in Delhi. The corporation’s residence then became the centre of the revolutionaries.

The motorcycle which was used to detonate the bomb on the vehicle of Viceroy Lord Irwin was opened only after being brought to the hostel of Hindu College. There was no one in the hostel then.

Bhavani Singh and Bhavani Sahay separated their parts and shed both the tires in the Yamuna and the parts were filled in sacks and given to Vimal Prasad Jain, who was taken to Meerut and sold at Kabadi.

Gandhi criticized the revolutionaries by writing ‘Cult of the Bomb’ for the bombing of the Viceroy’s train on December 23, 1929, to which Bhagwati Charan wrote ‘Philosophy of the Bomb’ on her party’s methodology, objectives and its Responded in a logical manner outlining the justification for a non-compromising struggle, which was distributed across the country on January 26, 1930.

Azad came to Delhi one day in the hustle and bustle of raising funds amid efforts to free Bhagat Singh from jail in Lahore.

He hit the famous ‘Gadodiya Store’ here on June 6, 1930, in which he was accompanied by Kashiram, Dhanwantri, Vidyabhushan, Vishwambhar Dayal and Bhavani Singh.

The revolutionaries reached the Hindu College hostel by car at night after snatching 13 thousand rupees.

When the store owner learned that it was the work of revolutionaries, he did not proceed with the investigation.

Then during the college holidays, Azad went to Bhavani Singh’s village Nathopur in Garhwal to train his comrades to operate rifles and pistols.

The Delhi Centre of the revolutionaries was shattered by the informer of Kailashpati.

First Kailashpati, then Com. Dhanwantri, Vidyabhushan, Nityanand Vatsyayan, Vimal Prasad Jain and the corporation in a library in Kanpur also came into the hands of the police.

Despite this, the government could not drag the case till the end and dissolved the tribunal.

With the martyrdom of Azad on February 27, 1931, the era of revolution also came to an end, which along with independence made secularism and socialism its goal and made sacrifices for it.

After independence, Nigam wrote a book titled ‘Sacrifice’, which gives evidence of the revolutionary developments in Azad and Delhi.

Nigam often referred to a poignant incident, ‘It is December 22, 1929. When I returned to the college hostel, I saw four people talking to each other in my big room.

It seemed that they were considering a particular subject. Their faces were serious. When I reached there, three people left, but a heavy, strong man of about 22-23 years remained there.

He was wearing a white dhoti, a half-sleeved shirt and a cool coat and slippers on his feet. He greeted me and so did I.

After a while Kailashpati came and took me to a small room and said, you were eager to meet Panditji, were you not, today I am introducing you to Panditji.

I understood that Pandit Ji has come with Kailashpati from somewhere outside. In my imagination, he was to be tall-bodied and fitted with suit-boots. After a minute the same gentleman who had greeted me came into that room and said, I am the Panditji.

I was astonished to see them. Was on the brink of crying. Eyes watered. I hugged and touched his feet, then he hugged me and said that now we will stay with you. From that day onwards Azad stayed with me till the end of March 1930. On February 14, I got typhoid, which lasted for several months.

Azad kept on taking care of me and bringing medicine from the doctor’s place. The campus of Hindu College, about 125 years old, is the biggest witness to his memories.

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AUTHORDeepa Chandravanshi

Deepa Chandravanshi is the founder of The Magadha Times & Chandravanshi. Deepa Chandravanshi is a writer, Social Activist & Political Commentator.

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